Tianjin referred to as “津”, another name 津沽, 津门, is the People’s Republic of China provincial-level administrative regions, municipalities, National Center City, a large city, the economic center of the Bohai Sea region, the Asia-Pacific Regional Marine Instrument Detection Evaluation Center, an international comprehensive transportation hub. As of 2018, the city has 16 districts with a total area of 11966.45 square kilometers. At the end of 2019, the permanent population was 15.6183 million, the urban population was 13.0382 million, and the urbanization rate was 83.48%.
Tianjin is located in North China, in the northeastern part of the North China Plain, in the lower reaches of the Haihe River Basin, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east, Yanshan Mountain in the north, and Beijing, the capital city in the west. Tianjin is the largest port city in northern China, a national logistics hub, national advanced manufacturing research, and development base, northern international shipping core area, financial innovation operation demonstration area, reform, and opening up pilot area, the first batch coastal open cities, it is in Mongolia and Russia economic corridor primary node, the maritime Silk Road strategy pivot, “along the way” intersection, Eurasian Continental bridge nearest the eastern starting point is located in the Haihe five tributaries of South Canal, Ziya River, Daqing River, the Yongding River, North Canal confluence and estuaries, known as “shoot nine under the river” “Hehai hub”.
Tianjin has risen due to water transportation since ancient times. After the middle of the Tang Dynasty, it became a land and water terminal for southern grain and silk transportation to the north; the Jin Dynasty set up ” Zhigu Village ” in Zhigu; the Yuan Dynasty set up ” Haijin Town “, which was a military town and a transportation center for water and grain; The city was officially built in the second year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1404), and it was the only city in ancient China with an exact record of the time it was built. After Tianjin was opened as a trading port in the tenth year of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty (1860), Western powers established concessions here one after another, and Tianjin became China The frontier of the opening up of the north and the base of the Westernization Movement in modern China. After more than 600 years, Tianjin has created a unique urban style that combines Chinese and Western styles and compatibility between ancient and modern.
In 2020, the GDP of Tianjin will be 1,408.373 billion yuan, an increase of 1.5% over the previous year at comparable prices.
Tianjin is located in the northern part of the North China Plain, bordering the Bohai Sea to the east and Yanshan Mountain to the north. It is located between 116°43′ and 118°04′ east longitude and 38°34′ and 40°15′ north latitude. The city center is located at 117°10′ east longitude and 39°10′ north latitude.
Tianjin is located in the lower reaches of the Haihe River, straddling the banks of the Haihe River, 189 kilometers long from north to south and 117 kilometers wide from west to east. The land boundary is 1,137 kilometers long, and the coastline is 153 kilometers long. It is the traffic throat of Beijing to the northeast and east China regions and the port for ocean shipping. It is known as the “heavy point of the river and the sea” and the “gateway to Jifu”. It has a vast hinterland, radiates 13 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in North China, Northeast, and Northwest China, and faces Northeast Asia. It is the largest open coastal city in North China.
The geological structure of Tianjin is complex and most of it is covered by Cenozoic sediments. The terrain is dominated by plains and depressions, with low mountains and hills in the north, and the elevation gradually decreases from north to south. The highest in the north, with an elevation of 1052 meters; the lowest in the southeast, with an elevation of 3.5 meters. The highest peak in the city: Jiushan Peak (1078.5 meters above sea level). The general outline of the landform is high in the northwest and low in the southeast.
Tianjin has three terrains: mountains, hills and plains, with plains accounting for about 93%. Except for the areas where the north and the south side of Yanshan Mountain are mostly mountainous, the rest are alluvial plains. The mountains in the north of Jixian County are low mountains and hills below the altitude of one kilometer. Close to the mountains is a sloping plain composed of alluvial alluvial fans, distributed in a fan shape. The sloping plain is the alluvial plain to the south and the coastal plain to the southeast.
Tianjin is located in the north temperate zone on the east coast of the mid-latitude Eurasian continent. It is mainly dominated by the monsoon circulation. It is an area where the East Asian monsoon prevails and belongs to the warm temperate semi-humid monsoon climate. Close to the Bohai Bay, the ocean climate has a more obvious impact on Tianjin.
The main climate characteristics are: four distinct seasons, windy spring, drought and little rain; hot summer, concentrated rain; cool air in autumn, moderate cold and warm; cold winter, dry and less snow. Therefore, late spring, early summer and autumn are the best places to travel to Tianjin. season. In the winter half of the year, there are more northwest winds, lower temperatures and less precipitation; in the summer half of the year, the Pacific subtropical warm high pressure is strengthened, mainly southerly winds, with higher temperatures and more precipitation. Sometimes there will be spring droughts. The annual average temperature in Tianjin is about 14℃, July is the hottest, and the monthly average temperature is 28℃; the highest temperature in history is 41.6℃. January is the coldest month, with an average monthly temperature of -2°C. The lowest temperature in history is -17.8°C. The average annual precipitation is between 360-970 mm, and the average (1949-2010) average is around 600 mm.
Tianjin straddles the two banks of the Haihe River, and the Haihe River is the largest river in North China. There are more than 300 tributaries with an upstream length of more than 10 kilometers, which join the North Canal, Yongding River, Daqing River, Ziya River and South Canal near the middle reaches. The river merges into the main stream of the Haihe River at Sanchakou near Tianjin Jingang Bridge and enters the sea from Dagukou. The main stream is 72 kilometers long, with an average river width of 100 meters and a water depth of 3-5 meters. Historically, the river was navigable by 3,000 tons of sea vessels.
As of the end of 2019, the city’s permanent population was 15,618,300, an increase of 22,300 over the end of the previous year. Among them, the foreign population is 4,990,100, accounting for 32.0% of the city’s permanent population. Among the permanent residents, the urban population is 13,038,200, and the urbanization rate is 83.48%. The permanent population has a birth rate of 6.73‰, a mortality rate of 5.30‰, and a natural growth rate of 1.43‰. At the end of the year, the city’s household registration population was 11.81,800.
According to the results of the seventh national population census, the permanent resident population in Tianjin at 0:00 on November 1, 2020 was 13,866,009.
As of the end of 2019, Tianjin has a total of 56 colleges and universities, 74 secondary vocational education schools, 527 regular middle schools, and 877 primary schools. In the whole year, 25,500 graduate students were enrolled, 73,300 students were enrolled, and 18,500 graduates. Regular colleges and universities enrolled 159,600 students, including 538,400 students and 137,100 graduates. Secondary vocational education schools enrolled 32,100 students, with 99,700 students and 36,700 graduates. Regular middle schools enrolled 151,800 students, 462,000 students, and 130,800 graduates. Primary schools enrolled 127,800 students, 702,000 students, and 100.8 million graduates. There are 2,374 kindergartens with 275,900 children in the kindergartens.
World-class university construction university category A, jointly established by the Ministry of Education and Tianjin
Ministry of Education
|World-class university construction university category A, jointly established by the Ministry of Education, State Oceanic Administration, National Defense Science and Technology Bureau, and Tianjin City
|Tianjin Medical University
|World-class discipline-building universities, jointly established by the Ministry of Education, the National Health and Family Planning Commission, and Tianjin
|Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
|World-class discipline construction universities, the Ministry of Education, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Tianjin City jointly build universities
|Tianjin Polytechnic University
|World-class discipline-building universities, the Ministry of Education, the National Defense Science and Technology Industry Bureau, and Tianjin City jointly build universities
|Hebei University of Technology
|World-class discipline construction universities, jointly established by the Ministry of Education, Hebei Province, and Tianjin City
|China Civil Aviation University
|Civil Aviation Administration of China
|Jointly established by the Ministry of Education, Civil Aviation Administration of China, and Tianjin City
|Tianjin University of Science and Technology
|Tianjin University of Technology
|Tianjin Normal University
|Tianjin Vocational and Technical Normal University
|Jointly built by the Ministry of Education and Tianjin City
|Tianjin Foreign Studies University
|Tianjin University of Commerce
|Tianjin University of Finance and Economics
|Tianjin Urban Construction University
|Tianjin Sino-German University of Applied Sciences
|Tianjin Agricultural College
|Tianjin Institute of Physical Education
|Tianjin Conservatory of Music
|Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts
|Chinese People’s Liberation Army Army Military Transportation Academy
|Chinese People’s Liberation Army Naval Service Academy
|Chinese People’s Armed Police Force Command Academy
|Armed police force
|Logistics College of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force
|Armed police force
|Tianjin Foreign Studies University Binhai Foreign Affairs College
|Tianjin Medical University School of Clinical Medicine
|Zhonghuan Information College, Tianjin University of Technology
|Pearl River College, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics
|School of Sports, Culture, and Art, Tianjin Institute of Physical Education
|Binhai College of Nankai University
|Tianjin College of University of Science and Technology Beijing
|Tianjin Tiens University
|Baode College, Tianjin University of Commerce
|Tianjin Normal University Jingu College
|Renai College of Tianjin University
|Tianjin Vocational University
|Tianjin Vocational College of Police Officers
|Tianjin Jiaotong Vocational College
|Tianjin Bioengineering Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Binhai Vocational College
|Tianjin Light Industry Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Polytechnic Vocational College
|Tianjin Maritime Vocational College
|Tianjin Engineering Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Commerce
|Tianjin Petroleum Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Radio, Film, and Television
|Tianjin Bohai Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Land Resources and Housing
|Tianjin City Vocational College
|Tianjin Sports Vocational College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Electronics and Information Technology
|Tianjin Medical College
|Tianjin Railway Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Binhai Vocational College of Automotive Engineering
|Tianjin Mechanical and Electrical Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Development Zone Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Arts and Crafts
|Tianjin Modern Vocational and Technical College
|Tianjin Vocational College of Art
|Tianjin Vocational and Technical College of Urban Construction Management