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Chinese celebrities - Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai (March 5, 1898-January 8, 1976), written by Xiangyu, used to be named Feifei, Wu-Hao, Shaoshan, Guan Sheng, etc., was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, and was born on March 5, 1898, Located in Huaian, Jiangsu. Joined the Communist Party of China in 1921. He is a great Marxist, a great proletarian revolutionary, politician, military strategist, diplomat, one of the main leaders of the party and the country, one of the main founders of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and a member of the People’s Republic of China.
Passed away in Beijing on January 8, 1976. His death was widely mourned. Because he has always worked hard, disciplined himself strictly, and cared for the masses, he was called “the good prime minister of the people.”
Zhou Enlai

Character works

His main works are included in ” Selected Works of Zhou Enlai “.


Main contribution

During the period of the New Democratic Revolution, Comrade Zhou Enlai made immortal feats for the Communist Party of China to create a people’s army, create a revolutionary united front, and create a new China where the people are the masters of the country. In the Great Revolution, he splendidly led the military and political work of the National Revolutionary Army, the work of the local government in Guangdong, and the armed uprising of Shanghai workers that shocked China and foreign countries. He became one of the first leaders of our party to realize the importance of armed struggle and engage in military work. After the failure of the Great Revolution, he led the world-famous August 1 Nanchang Uprising, firing the first shot of armed resistance against the Kuomintang reactionaries, and the people’s army led by the party was born. After the Sixth National Congress of the Party, as the leader who actually presided over the work of the Party Central Committee, he wit and bravely defended the Party’s central organs under extremely sinister conditions, protected a large number of backbone leaders of the Party, developed the Party’s secret work in the White District, and supported the workers and peasants. Armed separatism. He actively explored the correct path of the Chinese revolution, clearly put forward the idea of ​​a “village center”, and made outstanding contributions to the formation of the road of “rural surrounding cities and armed seizure of power”. In the Jiangxi Central Revolutionary Base, he, together with Comrade Zhu De and others, successfully commanded the fourth anti ” encirclement and suppression” struggle and created a new experience in ambush and annihilation by the large corps.


During the Long March of the Red Army, at the Zunyi Conference with far-reaching historical significance, he unambiguously supported Comrade Mao Zedong’s correct propositions. He played an important role in establishing Comrade Mao Zedong’s leadership in the Red Army and the Party Central Committee, and in saving the Red Army and the Party in times of crisis. effect. After the Xi’an Incident broke out, at a critical moment of national peril, he went to Xi’an by the established policy of the Party Central Committee to promote the peaceful resolution of the Xi’an Incident in an extremely complex and difficult environment, leading to a new situation of cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and unity in the fight against Japan. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, he represented our party in the Kuomintang-ruled area for a long time, was responsible for negotiating with the Kuomintang authorities, extensively uniting Patriots from all walks of life, upholding and developing the anti-Japanese national united front, and fighting the Kuomintang diehards courageously and strategically . . After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, to stop the civil war, he accompanied Comrade Mao Zedong to Chongqing for peace talks with the Kuomintang, and then led a delegation of our party to carry out a rational political struggle with the Kuomintang authorities. During the War of Liberation, he assisted Comrade Mao Zedong in strategizing, in promoting the formation of the second front, moving to northern Shaanxi, commanding a series of strategic decisive battles that changed China’s destiny, preparing for the convening of the New Political Consultative Conference, and presided over the drafting of the “Common Program”. Made outstanding contributions.


After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Comrade Zhou Enlai served as the Premier of the Council of State and the Premier of the State Council for 26 years. To actively explore the path of socialist construction in line with my country’s national conditions, comprehensively organize and implement various socialist construction undertakings, he worked diligently and deliberately in politics and economics. A lot of hard work has been devoted to various fields such as foreign affairs, national defense, united front, science and technology, culture, education, news, health, and sports, and has made groundbreaking contributions. In leading the construction and development of New China, he emphasized that economic construction “occupies the first place” in the life of the country. If a country cannot be completely independent economically, it cannot be completely independent politically. He emphasized the need to correctly handle various relationships, and achieve overall planning, comprehensive arrangements, comprehensive balance, and coordinated development; he emphasized that “our country must not only have economic construction but also political and spiritual construction.” The building of socialism must be comprehensive development. ; Emphasize that we must attach importance to environmental protection, do not sacrifice the environment for economic development, and do not do things that are sorry for future generations. He attaches great importance to the key role of science and technology and intellectuals in socialist construction, and emphasizes that the realization of modernization and building our country into a socialist power “the key lies in realizing the modernization of science and technology.” “Intellectuals are essential for the victory of socialist construction. The missing important force”.

Zhou Enlai writing

He organized and led the “two bombs and one satellite” large-scale scientific and technological breakthroughs to achieve breakthroughs, which greatly enhanced China’s comprehensive national strength and international status. He attaches great importance to foreign trade and learning foreign advanced technology, and emphasizes that “learning from foreign countries must be combined with originality.” He attaches great importance to the role of the united front in the socialist revolution and construction, often listens to the opinions of various democratic parties and patriots without party affiliation, and has made important contributions to upholding and improving the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. He has never forgotten the great cause of the reunification of the motherland and has done a lot of basic and pioneering work to solve the problems of Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan. He led the party and the country’s foreign affairs work effectively, first advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, followed the principle of equality of all countries regardless of size, and promoted China to actively develop friendly and cooperative relations with other countries, especially developing countries, to make our friends All over the world. His broad and profound diplomatic thinking, colorful diplomatic practice, unique diplomatic art, and diplomatic style have won a high reputation for the party and the country in the international community.


Under the extremely complex and special environment of the ” Cultural Revolution “, Comrade Zhou Enlai endured the humiliation and supported the crisis, and made unimaginable efforts to maintain the normal operation of the party and the country, to maintain the unity and unity of the party, and to do everything possible to reduce losses. . He protected a large number of party leaders, democrats, and intellectuals; he assisted Comrade Mao Zedong in smashing the Lin Biao counter-revolutionary conspiracy to seize the supreme power, and presided over the daily work of the Central Committee, criticizing and correcting the mistakes of the ultra-Left thought, and making all parties concerned. Work has taken a turn for the better; he actively promoted and implemented Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s return and presided over the work of the central government based on Comrade Mao Zedong’s decision, and fully supported Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s leadership in rectifying all aspects of work; he was terminally ill, still stubbornly persisted in his work, and worked with Deng Xiaoping and Ye Jianying. Comrades, Li Xiannian, etc., fought resolutely with the Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary group; he reiterated the grand goal of realizing the four modernizations at the First Session of the Fourth National People’s Congress, which greatly inspired the entire party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country.


Comrade Zhou Enlai participated in leading the party’s major tasks during the period of revolution and construction and devoted a lot of effort to every major victory of the party. In long-term practice, he focused on combining the basic principles of Marxism with the specific reality of our country, conscientiously summed up the experience of both the positive and negative aspects of revolution and construction, conducted in-depth theoretical thinking, and profoundly explained the party’s theory, line, principles, and policies. , military, diplomatic, united front, culture, education and party-building, and other areas have made theoretical achievements, as Mao Zedong thought made important contributions to the formation and development, but also for the subsequent formation of our party of reform and opening period of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics provides The important thought materials.

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